Plagiarism is the "wrongful appropriation" and "stealing and publication" of another author's "language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions" and the representation of them as one's own original work. Presentation includes copying or reproducing it without the acknowledgement of the source. Research Development Association & Research Development Research Foundation strongly condemns such illegal form of copying.


This journal is intended to publish ONLY towering level eminent papers which have originality, uniqueness and novelty in content. The journal strappingly suggests NOT using or copying any part of the already published materials. The papers submitted to the journal first will undergo screening process for originality in content. If they satisfy this requirement the papers will be further sent to review. Otherwise the papers will be rejected at the first level. The authors who indulge in plagiarism or malpractice will be blacklisted.


Research Development Association & Research Development Research Foundation take plagiarism very seriously and authors found involved in plagiarism may be banned from all journals published by RDA& RDRF (including access to contents of journal and submission to journals).

Plagiarism: Plagiarism originates from authors using others work without proper citation. Plagiarism is a form of cheating on others’ work particularly when it is deliberate and systematic. Plagiarism consist of a person/s claiming another person’s ideas or findings or work as one’s own by copying or reproducing the work without due acknowledgement of the source. Plagiarism may occur several forms like presenting substantial extracts from books, journal articles, thesis and other published or unpublished work without properly indicating the source of the material, using close paraphrasing of sentences or whole paragraphs without due acknowledgement in the form of reference to the original work, exactly copying and pasting of data, tables, figures from other publications without acknowledging the source and closely replicating the structure of someone else’s one’s own argument without apparent reference and due credit to the source.



By submitting paper for publication to RDA & RDRF, Authors (all authors of the article) must certify that;

  • Authors are fully aware that plagiarism is illegal & wrong and authors know that plagiarism is the use of another person’s idea or published work and to pretend that it is one’s own.

  • Authors declare that each contribution to their article or project has been acknowledged and source of information from other peoples’ published or unpublished works have been cited referenced.

  • Author(s) certify that they/you are solely responsible for text of the article and work included in the article along with any incomplete reference.